BIRTH OF VENUS BY ALEXANDRE CABANE

Birth of Venus by Alexandre Cabanel, 1863
Birth of Venus by Alexandre Cabanel, 1863

Venus is the Roman goddess, whose functions encompassed love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory. In myth, Venus was born of sea-foam. Roman theology presents Venus as the yielding, watery female principle, essential to the generation and balance of life. Her male counterparts in the Roman pantheon, Vulcan and Mars, are active and fiery. Venus absorbs and tempers the male essence, uniting the opposites of male and female in mutual affection. She can turn the hearts of men and women from sexual vice to virtue. – wikipedia.org

CUPID’S TOSS BY HANS ZATZKA

Cupid's Toss by Hans Zatzka
Cupid’s Toss by Hans Zatzka

In classical mythology, Cupid is the god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection. He is often portrayed as the son of the love goddess Venus and the war god Mars. He is also known in Latin as Amor (“Love”). His Greek counterpart is Eros. Although Eros is generally portrayed as a slender winged youth in Classical Greek art, during the Hellenistic period, he was increasingly portrayed as a chubby boy. During this time, his iconography acquired the bow and arrow that represent his source of power: a person, or even a deity, who is shot by Cupid’s arrow is filled with uncontrollable desire. – wikipedia.org

AN OFFERING TO VENUS BY JOHN WILLIAM GODWARD

A Offering to Venus by John William Godward, 1912
A Offering to Venus by John William Godward, 1912

Venus is the Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity, and victory. In Roman mythology, she was the mother of the Roman people through her son, Aeneas, who survived the fall of Troy and fled to Italy. Julius Caesar claimed her as his ancestor. Venus was central to many religious festivals, and was revered in Roman religion under numerous cult titles. Her symbols are the rose and common myrtle. Her day is Friday. – wikipedia.org